The Llama Pavilion
To the west of the Arsenal pavilion, by, you can see the ruins of the Llama Pavilion that was destroyed during the Second World War.
Adam Menelaws built the pavilion in the Landscape Park (the Alexander Park) in 1820–22 specially for the llamas that Emperor Alexander I had received as a gift from South America. Apart from the stable and an indoor exercise area there was also a fodder store and quarters for the service personnel. All these buildings were interconnected and formed a square complex together with the enclosed inner yard.
The dominant element of the ensemble was the tall three-tier tower rising above the main building with rusticated corners and a distinctive crenellated parapet. It contained living quarters. At the opposite corner in 1860 Ippolito Monighetti constructed a “photographic cabinet”. For a time the photographer Charles Bergamasco and the grand dukes used it as a photographic laboratory.
Under Nicholas II fallow deer brought from southern Mongolia in 1907 were kept in the exercise hall. In the early twentieth century the rooms for the service personnel were converted into apartments for the park wardens.
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